Question: What Does Motet Mean In English?

What is a chant?

A chant (from French chanter, from Latin cantare, “to sing”) is the iterative speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones.

Chant may be considered speech, music, or a heightened or stylized form of speech..

What does polyphonic mean?

Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). … Thus, even a single interval made up of two simultaneous tones or a chord of three simultaneous tones is rudimentarily polyphonic.

Is motet a word?

The Medieval Latin for “motet” is motectum, and the Italian mottetto was also used. … Today, however, the French etymology is favoured by reference books, as the word “motet” in 13th-century French had the sense of “little word”.

Is motet sacred or secular?

Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir. The motet began in the early 13th century as an application of a new text (i.e., “word”) to older music.

Why was the motet important?

The motet was one of, if not the most, important developments in early polyphony. Its popularity and adaptability led to its exportation to all parts of Europe, and so to define it with a set of discernible characteristics is difficult.

What does motet mean?

A motet is a sacred choral piece sung in several parts. In essence, the medieval motet represents the first great flowering of that distinctly Western innovation, polyphony. The term ‘motet’ appears to derive from the French ‘mots’ – ‘words’ – though the jury is still out on that.

How many voices are in a motet?

three voicesA. Motets are now quite often for three voices (two voices with text and the Tenor). The Tenor at first is still organized into its repeatable rhythmic cells and moves at about the same speed of the other voices.

Why is the Gregorian chant seldom heard today?

Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today? (1) It is very difficult to sing, and those who know it are dying out. (2) the Second Vatican Council of 1962-65 decreed the us of the vernacular in church services. (3) It is too old-fashioned for modern services.

Is motet a Scrabble word?

There are 5 letters in MOTET ( E1M3O1T1 )

How is a motet different from the mass?

The text of a choral Renaissance mass includes all of the “ordinary” (standard sections) of the Roman Catholic Latin mass, while the text of a motet may include anything except the ordinary. Motets are also sacred works and have Latin texts.

Who was Hildegard of Bingen quizlet?

she was a German writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath. she made it to age 81.

What is a madrigal quizlet?

Definition of English Madrigal. polyphonic, secular part song (often unaccompanied), typically written for three to six voice parts.

What are the characteristics of a motet?

Characteristics of the Renaissance Motet Compared to the medieval motet, the Renaissance motet is smoother and uses imitative polyphony, with successive voice parts that echo each other, kind of like a round. We can see and hear this in the text and successive adding of vocal parts.

What is a motet quizlet?

Motet (13th Century) A polyphonic vocal composition that features one or two newly composed vocal lines above a line of chant (the tenor) Comes from the French “mot” (=word)

Are madrigals homophonic?

Written for four singers, his madrigals alternated between two kinds of musical textures: homophonic and polyphonic. Homophonic texture consists of one voice singing melody while the other voices sing supporting sounds called harmony. … Most madrigals were written to be sung a cappella, or without instruments.

Who invented motet?

Giovanni GabrieliReligious compositions in vernacular languages were often called madrigali spirituali, “spiritual madrigals.” In the latter part of the sixteenth century, Giovanni Gabrieli and other composers developed a new style, the polychoral motet, in which two or more choirs of singers (or instruments) alternated.

What does Madrigal mean?

1 : a medieval short lyrical poem in a strict poetic form. 2a : a complex polyphonic unaccompanied vocal piece on a secular text developed especially in the 16th and 17th centuries. b : part-song especially : glee.

How many parts does a motet have?

two partsDefinition/History Originally, motet was Roman Catholic church music with Latin biblical text sung in two parts, one of which was taken from Gregorian Chant (they just spiced up the rhythm to make the chant more ‘hip’).